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Fom Quasars to Black Holes Gravity

From Quasars to Black Holes

by Rich Anders

The universe originated in the Big Bang. Hydrogen and helium were created and provided the basis for further evolution of matter. The force of the explosion distributed the new matter evenly as it expanded and, thereby, created space. This was the first phase of creation, which cannot be seen with even the most powerful tools of astronomical observation. It only can be measured as "the back ground noise" coming to us evenly from all directions. Going back in time an estimated 15 billion of years this newly formed matter constitutes the edge of the universe.

Quasars are the most distant objects astronomic observation clearly shows. These are small cosmic objects, which emit as much or more energy than entire galaxies. The energy output of quasars cannot be explained in terms of nuclear processes. Only something vastly more powerful can account for this energy phenomenon.

There is no reason backed by physics that quasars actually can form. Primal matter is distributed evenly. Therefore, there are no local centers of gravity that would cause an accumulation of so much primal matter, hydrogen and helium, which could ignite nuclear processes. Also, aside from the output of immense amounts of energy quasars continuously produce huge amounts of hydrogen and helium. This process continues in young galaxies, which have a continuous stream of hydrogen and helium coming out of their centers.

The primal production of hydrogen and helium happened as a consequence of positive spiritual energies meeting negative spiritual energies triggering the Big Bang. For this universe this was a one-time event. If quasars and young galaxies produce immense amounts of hydrogen and helium this is an indication that the same forces, which caused the Big Bang, are at work. The big difference is that in the case of the quasars and the young galaxies this process is continuous.

Energies meeting energies of opposite charge explain the immense amount of energy created in quasars and in the centers of young galaxies. This is a continuous creational explosion that can only be caused by an input of positive energies. Therefore, one can assume that the energy system of quasars ignited because of the input of positive spiritual energies at specific locations in the new space, which had been created by expanding hydrogen and helium.

Creating quasars presupposes intention. It is not conceivable that haphazardly all over the newly created space quasars sprang up all by themselves. This shows that a grand plan has been implemented from the very beginning of the universe by an intelligence so vast, powerful and strange to us that we cannot even guess its nature. We only can assume that the totality of the positive energies, the positive principle, has intelligence and a plan. It executes this plan by attacking the negative spiritual energies, gravity, thereby fusing these two kinds of energies in a creative continued explosion as witnessed in quasars and in the centers of young galaxies. The Big Bang was the first phase of creation. The continued creative explosions in quasars and in the centers of young galaxies are the second phase.

Supernovae are explosions of collapsed stars. There is parallel between the explosion of the singularity, the Big Bang, and supernova explosions. In either case hydrogen and helium are created. Consequently, if these gases are produced by supernova explosions one must assume that in both types of events the same forces are at work. Hence, supernovae are repetitions of the Big Bang on a small scale: a star collapses and then explodes. The universe before collapsed and then exploded. In both cases new matter is created. Supernovae are the third phase of creation.


In view of the above it is clear that the universes mass can not be calculated even approximately. There is no way to establish how much matter was created in supernova explosions or in galactic centers. By the time radiation from supernovae or distant galaxies takes to reach us, innumerable "creative one-time or continuous explosions" can have taken place throughout the universe.
Therefore, calculating the universes mass and weight from presently available data is a futile effort when one wishes to determine whether the universe has enough mass to eventually collapse under the stress of its own weight. - Even if such data were available it would not mean anything as a universe's collapse does not depend on its weight but on the interdependence of electromagnetism and gravity.

Explosions of smaller stars create lighter elements. Explosions of larger stars create gases and heavier elements. Together these elements provide matter, which constitutes planets. Planets are the fourth phase of creation. They experience an evolution of inorganic matter up to the point that organic matter, the basis of life, can develop. Once this stage is reached on planets, which have the necessary preconditions, the evolution of life forms takes place eventually peaking in intelligent beings.

A universe's fate is decided at its very beginning before it reaches Plank time. In this infinitely small period of time pairs of matter-antimatter particles are created, which annihilate each other setting free the immense amounts of energy accompanying creative explosions. Out of approximately one hundred thousand such pairs one negative particle survives. From these survivors this universe formed. As it is made up of negative particles it exists in a negative material dimension.

All matter in a negative material dimension has purely negative spiritual energies attached,  which carry the pattern of gravity. Everything negative is subjected to the negative principle, which is the principle of destruction. Hence, the universe from its very beginning is destined to be destroyed by the force of gravity.

All life forms consist of negative matter, as well. But the evolution of spirit allows the coexistence of positive and negative spiritual energies attached to a life form. From the very beginning of life the two principles of the universe compete for these spiritual energies, as these have the potential to strengthen the principle they belong to, positive or negative.

Over eons of time life forms evolve and it is up to them which direction they take. If on a planet life forms with predominantly negative spiritual energies evolve this planet remains in a negative dimension. If on a planet life forms with predominantly positive spiritual energies evolve this planet's matter eventually has the spiritual energy behind its matter changed to positive.

The duality of the principles of the universe is a continuous struggle, which we know as the fight of good versus evil. Contributing positive or negative spiritual energies every living being is involved in this fight and, thereby, helps to determine its outcome. The positive principle creates and maintains the created. The negative principle strives to restore the starting point of the universe, which was the material nothing. The universe is predestined for ultimate destruction but this destiny can be changed if enough positive spiritual energies are contributed by all the life forms in the universe to tip the scale in favor of the positive principle.

After this excursion into the realm of the quantum vacuum, the realm of spirituality, let's deal with matter's evolution from quasars to black holes. Quasars form the centers of proto-galaxies. From then on the evolution goes to young galaxies, to old galaxies and, lastly, to black holes.

The intermediary stages of matter's evolution and life cycle leading up to its end in a black hole reflect the process of the universe's aging. Young galaxies produce tremendous amounts of energy and new matter in their galactic centers supporting thereby formation of new stars and providing energy for existing stars. The energy output of old galaxies has stopped. The energies and new matter necessary for star formation are added no more to an old galaxy. As a galaxy gets older its energy potential is used up. Ultimately the stage is reached that it cannot supply sufficient energy to its stars and star systems and the stars decay. The end of matter is reached when a star collapses and a black hole forms.

There are three results of stars collapsing:

  • A massive star collapses and this triggers a supernova explosion.
  • A massive star collapses triggering a supernova explosion and leaving a neutron star behind.
  • A massive star collapses and a black hole is formed.

The difference in these events is not the collapse but the result of the collapse. The supernova explosion is the result of the star's collapsing matter being re-vitalized by the input of positive spiritual energies in the moment the collapsing star turns into a mini singularity. This results in an explosion of the Big Bang type only on a much smaller scale. Consequently, hydrogen and helium are created like in the original Big Bang.

A supernova leaving a neutron star behind indicates that there was not enough positive spiritual energy available to trigger a complete "Big Bang" type explosion. Part of the collapsing matter was blown off in a supernova explosion. The rest remained on location as super dense matter because the remaining energy was not able to sustain normal matter any more. A neutron star is radiating off this remaining energy possibly seen as a pulsar. When the point is reached that the star's energy cannot sustain any longer even the reduced matter state star it collapses. The remaining energy is set free in a very strong flash of energy and the star's matter collapses into it's center of gravity forming a mini singularity, which maintains all the star's gravity. A black hole is born.

The collapse of a massive star into a black hole indicates that there was no energy to revitalize the collapsed star's matter. The star's energy was set free in a flash and as matter was not sustained any more it collapsed out of the state of matter into the center of its gravity as pure gravitational energy of the quantum vacuum forming a local mini singularity.

There is a big difference between the singularity preceding the Big Bang and the singularity in the center of a black hole. The singularity preceding the Big Bang existed only for a timeless moment until the input of positive spiritual energies triggered the Big Bang.

The singularity inside a black hole is permanent until it collapses into a bigger singularity and ultimately into the Big Bang singularity. Like a spider in its nets it sits at the center of gravity attracting all matter within its reach and crushing it out of existence. The more matter it crushes the stronger it gets.

The only obvious feature of a black hole is its accretion disk, which radiates immense amounts of energies. Matter swirls around the black hole ever faster in ever tighter circles until it reaches the point where its energy is squeezed out by gravity's pressure and radiated off. As energy leaves matter ceases to exist as such and its energy behind matter, its spiritual or quantum vacuum energy, instantly joins the singularity in the center of the black hole and increases its gravitational pull.

Over time more and more black holes form in a dying galaxy. Its center becomes a gigantic black hole. When energy in the galaxy has dwindled to the point that the remaining matter cannot be sustained any more all energy of this galaxy is released in a flash and all the galaxy's matter collapses out of existence joining the singularity in the center of the galaxy.

Recent astronomical observations show segments of the universe from where no light is emanating. The distribution of matter in the universe should be the same all over. Approximately the same amount of matter should be found in all segments. But it isn't. This leads to the assumption that there are indeed entire sections of the universe where all matter has collapsed out of existence - and nobody knows how many living galaxies it takes to maintain the universe.

There is no way to know where the universe stands. The light arriving at our telescopes has been on its way for a long time and anything could have happened at its point of departure in sometimes millions of years it has been on its way. Could have so many galaxies already collapsed that a collapse of the entire universe is imminent? - There is no way to know.

 

Copyright Rich Anders, December 2002